Dog Health

Just like us, dogs can suffer from a wide range of health problems. Our dog health problems guide offers information about dog symptoms, dog illness, dog health problems, dog care and more. From congestive heart failure in dogs to parvo and hip dysplasia, you’ll find information – and hope – here at the Dog Pages.

Panosteitis in Dogs

Panosteitis in dogs is the subject of this dog health article. We discuss the cause, symptoms and treatment of Panosteitis (Pano) in dogs.

What is Panosteitis in Dogs?

Panosteitis in Dogs (Pano) – is a bone health problem that can occur during the puppy’s first year.

Pano in dogs occurs when the bones develop faster than the soft tissue around them, which could cause inflammation. A lump will appear on one or more of the legs and disappears once the dog is a year old.

How to Prevent Panosteitis in Dogs

The way to prevent pano in dogs is to properly feed your puppy: there are premium puppy foods designed especially for large breed puppies that have a low level of calcium (responsible for fast bone growth).

Additional Online Resources About Panosteitis in Dogs

HOD in Dogs

HOD in dogs – is a condition caused by the rapid bone growth in puppies. Also known as Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy in dogs, it causes severe joint pain (usually in the front joints) and is accompanied with fever.

HOD in dogs occurs in puppies between four and seven months old. The danger with this medical problem is that it can lead to severe secondary infections, like pneumonia. Hypertrophic Osteodystrophy in dogs can be treated and, as long as there are no complications, it is not life threatening.

Wobbler’s Syndrome in Dogs

Wobbler’s syndrome in dogs is a clumsy, wobbly way of walking and is frequently associated with Great Danes. It is caused by a malformation in the neck vertebrae that puts pressure on the spinal cord. It might be a hereditary condition, but it also could be a result of poor nutrition.

Hypothyroidism in Dogs

Hypothyroidism in dogs is a common health concern. In this article, we explore the causes, symptoms, treatment and prognosis (outcome) for Hypothyroidism in dogs.

What is Hypothyroidism in Dogs?

Hypothyroidism in dogs is a health problem affecting a dogs metabolism. It is a disorder which a dog inherits from it’s parents, grandparents, or even great grandparents. Hypothyroidism is an immune system disorder. A gland called the “Thyroid” does not produce enough hormones to allow the dogs metabolic system to work properly.

What are the Symptoms of Hypothyroidism in Dogs?

The most common symptom of Hypothyroidism in dogs is being tired and not interested in doing things. If your dog seems to have no energy, and does not want to play, go outdoors, go for walks, or hound you for attention, this can be a symptom of canine Hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism in dogs can also cause hair loss, skin problems, dark pigmentation of the skin, constipation, joint pain and swelling.

If you suspect your dog has Hypothyroidism, your veterinarian can perform a blood test to find out if this is the case.

Are Some Breeds of Dog More Prone to Developing Hypothyroidism?

Yes. This disorder is more common in the following breeds, (listed in order of frequency of occurence):

  • Labrador Retrievers
  • Golden Retrievers
  • Dachshunds
  • Cocker Spaniels
  • Boxers
  • Doberman Pinschers
  • Greyhounds

How is Hypothyroidism in Dogs Treated?

If a blood test has confirmed that your dog has Hypothyroidism, there are medications that your dog can take to control and help the problem. These medications are very effective and, thankfully, reasonably inexpensive.

Can Hypothyroidism in Dogs be Prevented?

No. Hypothyroidism is something your dog inherits from his parents or grandparents. It is not something that his environment, care or diet has caused. For this reason, dogs diagnosed with Hypothyroidism should not be bred.

What is the Prognosis (Outcome) for Hypothyroidism in Dogs?

With proper medication, monitoring and care, most dogs do very well with Hypothyroidism. They can go on to lead long, health and happy lives, regardless of having Hypothyroidism in dogs.

More Online Resources about Hypothyroidism in Dogs:

  • Ron Hines, a veterinarian, offers a very clear and detailed online resource about canine hypothyroidism.


Pomeranian Health Problems

Pomeranian Health Problems, Issues, Concerns & Symptoms

Pomeranian health problems are many. Pomeranians can be prone to a number of hereditary health issues and conditions. That is why choosing a responsible breeder from which to purchase your Pomeranian puppy is very important. Responsible Pomeranian breeders will be well educated about the breed. They will carefully screen their breeding dogs for disorders that can affect these wonderful small dogs.

Pomeranian health problems include, but are not limited to:

  • Slipped Stifle
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Dislocated Patella
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Heart Problems
  • Seizures
  • Skin/Coat Conditions
  • Eye Infections

Special Teacup Pomeranian Health Problems

Pomeranians that are even smaller than the norm are referred to as “Teacup Pomeranians”. Unfortunately, it has become fashionable to own dogs that are very tiny. In the past, these dogs would have been considered “runts”. It is well-known that runts are not as healthy or strong as their litter-mates.

These so-called Teacup Pomeranians can have a ton of health problems. Hypoglycemia and neurological problems are most common, and can easily result in death. Teacup Pomeranians are also extremely delicate and can very easily be injured.

Recently there was some media attention on celebrity, Kelly Osborne, who lost not one, but two of her beloved ‘Teacup Pomeranians” to health problems. It is thought that these puppies were purchased from a “puppy store” in Pinellas Park, Florida, that was the subject of investigation for selling puppy mill puppies that were very sick. This allegation is supported by a “letter of reference” from Sharon Osborne that the puppy store had been displaying on their website.

We STRONGLY recommend against buying any Pomeranian puppy advertised as a Teacup, Mini, Micro-Mini, Miniature, etc. No reputable breeder of Pomeranians would intentionally breed smaller than normal Pomeranians in order to profit from a fashion trend. Usually, Teacup Pomeranians are sold at extremely high prices – often in boutique pet stores.

NEVER buy a puppy of any kind from a pet shop, puppy boutique or online puppy shop. Your only source for a Pomeranian puppy should be a highly responsible breeder who is a member of her local breed club. Chances are you will pay much less for a much healthier, happier and well-socialized Pomeranian puppy. You will also get the ongoing support of an expert in the breed.

A responsible Pomeranian dog breeder will be well educated about the problems that can occur in the Pomeranian dog breed. CERF eye test and OFA X-rays (knees/elbows) should be done on breeding dogs before breeding.

For further reading about Pomeranian health problems, here is a very informative web site dedicated to education about health concerns in the Pomeranian dog breed:

Pomeranians For Dummies (For Dummies (Pets))

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Pomeranian: An Owner’s Guide to a Happy Healthy Pet

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The Pomeranian (Terra Nova Series)

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The Pomeranian Handbook (Barron’s Pet Handbooks)

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Pomeranians (Animal Planet Pet Care Library)

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Pomeranians (Barron’s Dog Bibles)

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Pomeranians (Barron’s Complete Pet Owner’s Manuals)

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POMERANIAN DVD! Includes Dog & Puppy Training Bonus

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Bloat in Dogs

Bloat in Dogs – Recovery Symptoms Causes Treatment & Prevention Info

Bloat in dogs is a serious health condition. In this article we will discuss the symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention of bloat in dogs.

What is Bloat in dogs?

The technical, veterinary name for bloat is Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus, or GDV. In bloat, a dogs belly expands or swells in response to a large amount of gas, fluid or foam that has collected there. The cause of this swelling is not really known, although it has been seen to happen after large meals. It also can occur when a dog drinks a large amount of water after exercise. The swelling in itself is not life-threatening, but it can lead to your dog’s stomach becoming twisted, at which point it is a life-or-death emergency, and requires immediate veterinary help. Bloat in dogs is the second largest cause of death in dogs, after cancer.

Symptoms of Bloat in Dogs

This first symptom of bloat in dogs is swelling in the belly and obvious discomfort. Your dog may try to vomit or belch without success, and may drool. You’ll be able to tell he is not feeling well, as he may be restless and pace back and forth. His obviously swollen belly may feel like a drum; hard and hollow sounding if tapped. Occasionally the belly is not overly swollen, but will feel hard.

If your dog should show these symptoms, it is highly recommended to seek immediate veterinary care. There are emergency veterinary clinics in most cities that are open 24 hours. If not, a call to your vet’s office should provide you with an emergency number.

Bloat happens very quickly, and can progress very quickly. Urgent veterinary care can mean the difference between your dog getting better, or your dog dying. Don’t take any chances.

Will My Dog Recover From Bloat?

The earliest possible treatment is crucial in whether or not your dog will survive an episode of Bloat. Statistics show that about 50% of dogs who develop the condition will die from bloat. The earlier you can get your dog to the vet, the better chance he will have of surviving this serious condition.

Is Bloat in Dogs More Common in Certain Breeds?

Yes. Bloat is more common in the larger, more deep-chested dog breeds like Labrador Retrievers, Golden Retrievers, German Shepherds, Great Danes, Boxers, Doberman Pinschers and any type of Setter.  BUT – bloat can occur in ANY breed of dog, both purebred and mixed breed. Bloat can occur in any size of dog, not just the big breeds. If your dog shows signs of bloat as discussed above, get them to the vet without delay.

Can Bloat in Dogs Be Prevented?

Yes, there are things you can do to lessen the chances of bloat occurring in your dog.

1. Feed your dog 2 or 3 smaller meals throughout the day, rather than 1 large meal. Hungry dogs like to “wolf down” their food. Try to avoid this.

2. Restrict water and food intake before and after exercise.  Wait an hour after your dog eats to take him for a walk or run. Do not allow your dog to eat or  gulp a lot of water for 60 minutes after exercising. Give him just enough to quench his thirst.

3. Do not allow your dog to drink a large amount of water after a meal. Again, give your dog just enough to quench his thirst.

Additional Online Resources About Bloat in Dogs

  • offers a good online resource about bloat in dogs, including lots of links.
  • has a very good article that discusses dog bloat in detail.



Akita Health Problems

Akita Dog Health Issues, Problems, Concerns and Symptoms

There are a variety of Akita health problems, just like with most purebred breeds of dog. If you are thinking about buying an Akita puppy, check around with several dog breeders and ask about the various health issues that can affect these beautiful little dogs. Reputable Akita breeders should be well-versed in the Akita health concerns and should be able to give you more details. They can show you the sire and dam of your potential puppy.

Some of the most common Akita health problems include:

  • Acquired Myathenia Gravis
  • Bloat
  • Hyperkalaemia
  • Uveo-Dermatological Syndrome (VKH)
  • von Willebrand’s Disease (vWD)
  • Susceptible to anesthesia problems, due to small heart size

More Online Resources About Akita Health Problems

To avoid buying a puppy with health issues, be sure to choose your breeder very carefully. A good Akita breeder will be very informed about health conditions that can affect their breed. They will take careful measures to ensure that the dogs in their breeding program are healthy and have been tested and cleared for common Akita health issues. Your care in selecting a breeder and puppy is the best way to avoid having to deal with Akita health problems.


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Dog Owner’s Home Veterinary Handbook

Dog Owner’s Home Veterinary Handbook

The classic bestseller—expanded and updated

The guide dog lovers have relied on for more than twenty-seven years, this handbook has been extensively revised to include the latest information on everything from canine healthcare to nutrition to holistic treatments. Dog Owner’s Home Veterinary Handbook, Fourth Edition, is the definitive guide for every dog owner. It puts vital information at your fingertips, with:

  • An index of signs and symptoms to help you find information fast
  • Clearly written, step-by-step directions for handling common canine ailments and problems
  • A chapter on emergencies that explains what to do immediately for shock, broken bones, burns, dehydration, heat stroke, poisoning, insect stings and bites, wounds, and more
  • Hundreds of photos and drawings that illustrate what to look for and what to do to provide the best care for your dog
  • A glossary of terms

With this guide, you’ll know when to rush your pet to the vet and when you can begin treatment at home. You’ll communicate more effectively with your vet. You’ll have the latest information on every aspect of your dog’s medical care when you need it. This is the hands-on reference you’ll trust again and again.Open the front cover and the first two pages you see contain the Index of Signs and Symptoms, from Abdomen (painful, swollen, distended, and tucked up) to Weight loss, Wheezing, and Whining (continual). There’s a comprehensive index in back, of course, running the gamut from Abortion to Zinc-Responsive Dermatosis, which is all very useful, but when your pooch is in pain, it’s great to be able to turn, with the minimum of folderol, to the page that says to relax, it’s nothing a bit of extra grooming won’t fix, or alternatively to hightail it over to the vet hospital. It’s a wonderful reference for any dog owner, with chapters on emergencies (such as burns, dehydration, and poisoning), as well as worms, infectious diseases, skin care, and canine eyes, ears, and nose. There are chapters on the digestive, respiratory, and circulatory systems, the nervous, musculoskeletal, and urinary systems, plus dog sex, whelping, puppy pediatrics, geriatrics, and chapters on cancers and medications. In short, it covers every health dimension a dog owner might want to know more about, identifies the possible causes, helps you determine the severity of the condition, and indicates what treatments or actions to take to best insure your dog’s good health. –Stephanie Gold

List Price: $ 34.99

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Tramadol For Dogs

Tramadol is a pain medication that is used in both people and animals. Tramadol for dogs is used to alleviate pain from surgery, cancer or injury. It is a very effective pet medication for pain, and can help your dog stay comfortable as he is healing from surgery or an injury – or undergoing treatment for cancer.

Tramadol acts in two ways. It reduces pain signals in the brain, and it tends to reduce any anxiety your dog may have associated with his injury, wound or disability. Tramadol is a good choice for dogs in whom using anti-inflammatory (pet meds to reduce swelling) would cause damage.

Some common side effects of Tramadol for dogs include constipation, stomach upset, and a slower heart rate. The dosage of Tramadol must be carefully given, since too much of this drug can cause serious problems including strange behavior and seizures. Dogs with liver and kidney problems may not be good candidates for the use of Tramadol – something you and your veterinarian must determine.

Tramadol for dogs comes in many forms and strengths, including pill, powder, capsule and liquid form. Since this dog medicine is distasteful to dogs, it’s usually mixed with food.